Dachshunds are classified as scent hounds. They were bred for hunting tunneling/burrowing animals such as badgers, foxes, hare, weasel, rabbit and other animals. The dog has also been used to track down wild boar.
Some dachshund experts theorizes that the breed has it’s roots in Ancient Egypt, were engravings of short-legged dogs have been found. There has also been discovered mummified dogs, somewhat similar to the Dachshund.
The modern breed however, is a creation of German breeders and include lines from many breeds, hounds and terriers from France and England as well as Germany. The first references to the Dachshund, originally named Dachs Krieger (Badger Warrior) is from books written in the early 18th century.
There are two or three variants of the breed, according to AKC standards there are two, but Europe also recognized a toy variant.
The normal two variants are standard and miniature. A Standard Dachshund is about 20 to 27 cm (8-11 inches) tall and has a weight of 4,9 kilos (11 pounds) or more by the age of 12 months.
The Miniature Dachshund has a height of about 13-18 cm (5-7 inches) and has a weight of 4,9 kilos (11 pounds) or less by the age of 12 months.
Unofficially, the nickname “Tweenie” is used on dogs that falls between the Miniature and the Standard variant.
Dachshund Color and Coat
The dog’s coat comes in cream, red, black and tan, chocolate and tan, black and cream, blue and tan, and fawn (Isabella) and tan. The coat can also be patterned, for instance dapple (mottled), brindle, piebald, and sable. The coat can be smooth, long haired, or wire haired.
The dachshund is full of life, energetic, playful, mischievous and at times stubborn. Socialization and crate training the puppy should begin early. Due to its hunting traits it can be quite aggressive and will at times burrow the surface.
The dachshund is an curious, intelligent, lively, energetic and brave dog. Size doesn’t really matter to them, they can attack anything and are not afraid of anything or any size. Although they are known to be fearless and at times aggressive, the dog is very faithful to the owner.
Dachshund is a playful breed, but they can be stubborn. They can be curious and wary of strangers and they are known for their inclination for chasing small animals, birds and tennis balls with the greatest determination and ferocity. They can be a challenge to train because of their stubborn nature.
The breed can be aggressive to both strangers and other dogs or animals alike, and they need both proper training and early socialization.
Due to their energy, stamina and bouncy character, the dog should be allowed to play out in the outdoors or taken out for a walk. Two walks of about half a mile that last approximately 10 minutes are usually adequate. Also place dog ramps or stairs near the couch to minimize back or leg injuries.
Prone to spinal disc problems, especially intervertebral disk disease, due to an extremely long spinal column, the risk of injuries may be worsened by obesity.